The Hejaz Mountains are a mountain extend that is antiquated or changeable shakes and is canvassed in a portion of its volcanic free parts. It stretches out among Tihama and Najd with a length of 1,700 km from the Gulf of Aqaba and the outskirt with Jordan in the north to the fringe with Yemen in the south. They likewise slip intensely towards the west and bit by bit towards the east, narrowing in the north,But it can extend toward the south with a width of 40 to 240 km. These mountains are portrayed by being in parallel chains with the most noteworthy top in Saudi Arabia in Jabal Al-Souda close Abha city to 3,678 meters above ocean level. Many valleys land eastbound to Najd and westbound to Tihama, the most well known of which are Wadi Turbah, Wadi Najran, Jazan Valley, Wadi Bisha, Wadi Fatima, Wadi Shwan, Wadi Al Aqiq and Wadi Al Rama. Some of them channel their waters towards the ocean and a portion of their waters stream internal. The bowls of these valleys are basic focuses of agrarian action on the grounds that the floods where they convey a lot of residue. 

Areas of Hijaz Mountains 

The Hijaz Mountains in Saudi Arabia are isolated into three areas: 

Southern Section 

The southern piece of Al-Sarawat Mountains is called Asir Mountains or Al-Sarat Mountains. These mountains reach out from the Kingdom's fringes with the Republic of Yemen in the south, even before the city of Taif in the north. Toward the east are numerous valleys, including the tributaries of Wadi Najran, Wadi Habbouna and the upper tributaries of Wadi Al Dawasir, for example, Tathleeth, Wadi Bisha, Wadi Raniyah and Wadi Turbah. This area is partitioned into five primary branches: 

Sarat Anz: sitting above the city of Abha and east in Sarat Ubaida. 

Sarat stone. 

Sarat Nah Alazd and sitting above Balgarn, the children of eternal. 

Sarat Zahran and Dos and Gamed and free. 

Sarat Bani Malik, Bijela. 

Sarat Bani Shababah and hostility: disregarding the Laith and introduced Wilhelm. 

Sarat Taif: Overlooking Mecca. 

Center segment 

It has mountain gatherings, for example, Mount Chemnasir, Nadra Mountains, Radwa Mountain, Mount Ral and Mahala, Mount Dabbagh and Mount Shar. From the west, there are Wadi Fatima, Wadi Khulais, Wadi Shwan, Wadi Qadid, Wadi Qahha, Wadi Al Safra, Wadi Al Acid and Wadi Al Jazal. It additionally slides from its eastern warmth up the tributaries of the Wadi Rumah heading towards the east, and its surface spreads numerous opportunities, the most significant of which are Hara Al-Raha, Awirid, Free Khyber, Free Fire, Free Nair, Free Karamat, Free Khatab, Free Kushb, Free Cuddles and Free Bands. 

Tihama Mountains 

Al-Hijaz Mountains toward the west are neighboring the Tihama Mountains, which are situated at a height of 2000 to 3000 meters above ocean level. Over the ocean level and Mount persecution 1947 meters above ocean level and Mount Terban 1746 meters above ocean level and Mount Ness and Mount Shada most elevated 2202 meters above ocean levelMount Shada down 1513 meters above ocean level, Mount Nataf 2158 meters above ocean level and Mount Tariqi in Mecca, which is 900 meters above ocean level, Mount Dhannan among Mecca and Medina, Mount Thaftel close to Medina, and Mount Aaraj among Mecca and Medina . The Prophet Muhammad alluded to her by saying: «to know individuals from my country please the Day of Resurrection in any semblance of the mountains of Tihama white, God makes it down the scattered». 


The western good countries are viewed as the most significant territory in the Arabian Peninsula, stretching out along the Red Sea from Aqaba in the north toward the south of the Republic of Yemen from Sana'a in the south. Higher in the south and north than in the middle. 

The western good countries are tranquil, refractive mountains slipping steeply towards the Red Sea and progressively towards the inside. The most noteworthy mountain pinnacle of these western good countries in Saudi Arabia is the summit of Jebel Souda close to the city of Abha, which is 3015 meters above ocean level. 

The stones of these good countries, some of which go back to the pre-Cambrian time, are made out of molten shakes, for example, stone and basalt, and freaks, for example, gneiss and schist, which are hard and impervious to disintegration and are secured by volcanic spills (free) going back to the late third geographical time and the fourth topographical time, just as midsections The valleys and a portion of their broad bowls with sedimentary rocks that framed later.

Published on: 10/12/19, 7:48 PM