The Andes are a wide mountain range extending along the west shore of South America. Roughly 7,000 kilometers in length, 500 kilometers wide, and a normal stature of 4,000 meters. The arrangement traverses seven nations: Argentina, Ecuador, Bolivia, Peru, Chile, Colombia and Venezuela.
The Andes are the most elevated mountain run outside Asia, the most elevated of which is Aconcagua, which is 6,959 meters above ocean level. The Andes can't keep pace with the Himalayas in tallness, yet their length is double the length of the Hema Laya.
The Andes are the world's longest mountain go above ocean level, stretching out along the whole southwestern shoreline of America from Ras Horn to Panama with a separation of 7,200 km. Just the Himalayas in northern India and Tibet surpass the Andes. Numerous Andean pinnacles surpass 6,100 m in stature. The transverse separation over these mountains is around 645 km at its most broad parts. The Spanish Andes are called Cordillera de los Andes. What's more, it implies (Andes mountain run).
For normal highlights
The Andes can be isolated into three regular territories: southern, focal and northern. The stature of the southern Andes is under 3000 m close to the southern tip of the landmass. On the off chance that one goes north, the pinnacles become higher. The most elevated top in the Americas is Aconcagua (6959 m), situated in Argentina, around 100 km from Santiago, the capital of Chile.
The focal Andes are the broadest pieces of this hilly framework. This part comprises of two fastens that stretch out toward the northwest and southeast. Between these two chains are wide or high fields in Peru and western Bolivia. The fields themselves ascend around 4,000 meters above ocean level. Toward the north of these plateaux, the two chains approach each other. They in the end meet to shape one colossal arrangement in Ecuador. The most noteworthy pinnacles are the Central Andes of Besses (6,779 m), Huascaran (6,768 m), Surata or El Lambu (6,485 m), Sagama (6542 m), Ilimani (6402 m), Chimborazo (6267 m) and Cotopaxi (5897 m).
Numerous tops in the northern Andes arrive at a stature of 4,570 m or more, the most elevated being the Cristobal Colon (5,775 m) top in Colombia. Volcanoes and seismic tremors. An enormous number of high Andean pinnacles are volcanic mountains and a portion of their dynamic volcanoes. The most well known of these volcanoes are Nevado del Ruiz in Colombia, Cotopaxi and Tengrahua, and Sanjay in Ecuador. Seismic tremors are likewise visit in the Andes. Some communities have totally vanished by these tremors. Among the urban areas influenced by the seismic tremors were extreme harm to Valparaiso, Lima, Callao and Quito. Aconcagua is a lethargic spring of gushing lava.
What the northern Andes are three arrangement. None of these chains arrives at an elevation equal to mountains more remote south. One chain keeps running along the coast crosswise over Colombia into Panama. The focal chain lies between the thin Coca River valley and the Magdalena waterway valley. This arrangement incorporates the abundance of Tolima (5215 AD). The third chain, situated in the east, broadens upper east into Venezuela.
The Andes are limited, steep and winding. The high mountains and the stature of the low fields make it partitions the landmass into two sections: tranquil and Atlantic. Designers think that its substantially more hard to fabricate railroads in the Andes than they do in the Rockies. In the focal Andes, engineers needed to climb in excess of 3,000 meters to discover a railroad passage. The western foot climbs four rails to arrive at the layersRich in minerals on the fields of Peru and Bolivia. One of these rails, the focal railroad, arrives at in excess of 4,816 meters above ocean level. It is the best quality railroad on the planet. No place in the United States or Europe is there a mountain pass that is as high as the four passageways. A cleared street in Peru keeps running from Callao on the west coast to Cerro de Pasco, 160 km inland. Starting there it transforms into a decent street for different climate conditions, at that point plummets along a tight valley in the eastern Andes until it arrives at one of the Amazon branches. It is conceivable to drive from the coastThe Pacific Ocean, up to the Yukayali River on the eastern incline on a two-day venture, at that point arriving at the Amazon River in a steamboat, on a three-day stumble over the waters of the Yukayali River. One of them for the sake of the kno.
There are likewise four courses that cross the Andes to the Peruvian swamps. These streets use trucks, transports and little vehicles. Flying is likewise a significant methods for route in the Andes district. Customary flights connect Santiago in Chile with Buenos Aires in Argentina. Colossal traveler airplane fly through the haze of Aspalata Pass at a height of 3,863 m. A meteorological station in the Aspalata Pass is giving the pilots reports.